Yesterday we gave a brief and abstract description of Galois descent, the punchline of which was that Galois descent could abstractly be described as a natural equivalence
where is a Galois extension, is the Galois group of (thinking of as an object of the category of field extensions of at all times), is a category of “objects over ,” and is a category of “objects over .”
In fact this description is probably only correct if is a finite Galois extension; if is infinite it should probably be modified by requiring that every function of that occurs (e.g. in the definition of homotopy fixed points) is continuous with respect to the natural profinite topology on . To avoid this difficulty we’ll stick to the case that is a finite extension.
Today we’ll recover from this abstract description the somewhat more concrete punchline that -forms of an object can be classified by Galois cohomology , and we’ll give some examples.